How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

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A cause and effect essay consists of the introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. In this kind of essay, the purpose and sequence of events are reviewed. If an essay is structured well, it is supposed to provoke the reader’s thoughts.


The introduction contains background knowledge. The first paragraph acquaints the reader with the topic of the essay. The opening part notifies about the focus of the piece which can be either the reason or an outcome.

Thesis Statement

A thesis statement is a crucial item while writing the work. The writer should include the claim revealing the cause and the effect. In addition, this sentence is to show a clear position of the author. Hence, a thesis statement should also include support sentences to specify the focus of the study.

Body Paragraphs

Each body paragraph should start with a topic sentence that corresponds to the thesis statement. The next step is to implement a strong explanation in the supporting sentences. At the end of every section, there should be a statement that reemphasizes a discussed subject. Consequently, the paragraphs are to be detailed and understandable.


The outcome of the cause and effect essay should repeat the claim. The writer should present the main subject which relates to the thesis statement and make a review of the items studied in the paper. Besides, there should not be new ideas included in this paragraph, the researcher should finish the section with an accurate summary.

To recap, the cause and effect essay centers on causes and outcomes. The introduction should start with a thesis statement. The first part usually contains the central claim and the previous knowledge on this topic. In the body paragraph, there should be points that confirm the claim. The end should summarise all the sections.